Teaching children traffic rules (SDA)
Every year grows and blossoms our city of Naberezhnye Chelny. There are many broad, beautiful streets, squares, avenues. A huge and never-ending flow of traffic on city streets. Every hour is about 6 thousand cars. According to the same streets an hour passes about 20 thousand pedestrians. Among them, of course, and children. Child is interested in street and everything that happens on it. And often, passionate about something new, unusual, gets on the street in a life-threatening situation. This is why, already at preschool age it is necessary to teach children to navigate in the environment. It is especially important to know the future student, as he zachastuju have to overcome the way from home to school and back independently.
Our nursery is located close to busy streets with heavy traffic, so the need to teach children the rules of behavior on the street suggested by life.
A lot is made of the teaching staff to create conditions for work with children :selected methodological and children's literature, the illustrative material made road signs and more. The contest "Green spark" has prompted us to more clearly organize the work for teaching children the rules of the road, highlighting the following areas :
to familiarize preschoolers with the main rules of the road ;
- to educate the children the culture of behavior on the street.
Together with the senior teacher of the nursery school N. A. Timakovoy made prospectively plan to familiarize children with the rules of the road based on the Program. Under the leadership of the traffic police conducted a workshop for educators. Thought forms and methods of work with children, added the necessary visual material is a series of paintings "School svetoforik Sciences", "Children, remember these rules", "Posters on traffic safety", folder screen "I street". Additional acquired a variety of toy cars, produced models that mimic the street, nearby to our kindergarten, with all the road signs on it. Updated attributes to role-playing games. Children of the school №15 in gift kindergarten made in the workshops of desktop and portable traffic signs, and silhouettes of houses, cars, people, and dummies. The area was allocated a special area, where he established the current traffic lights, road signs, police box, mket gas stations.
What we started with educational work with children of the preparatory groups? Primarily clarified existing knowledge acquired in previous years. Found that most children had an idea about the basic rules of behavior on the street, but in some of the games on the site and the group did not comply with them. The guys didn't know what transfers and how to cross the road.
We were faced with the challenge to Refine and to enrich the knowledge of children about traffic, about the rules of behavior on the street. For this we decided to use, apart from teaching children about traffic, about the rules of behavior on the street in La that decided to use, in addition to classes, the task of Hiking. So, in the course of the year conducted a series of target walking on the highway. The children watched the traffic, working traffic light. Together with the tutor of the boys recalled, which means red, yellow light, what light can cross the street and ie
During a trust walk to transition was watching the movement of pedestrians. Has said : cross the street only allowed in certain locations at pedestrian crossings. Then he said that there are underground passages (been with the children through this transition) and ground (back to back ground transition). I remembered that in the middle of the street there is a "life raft", where you can stop, look around and wait out the moving stream of vehicles. Stressed that the "life raft" no driver has no right to run down. The knowledge gained on the walk, reinforcing in the classroom.
Conducted with children excursion, in preparation for which I tried to clearly select the program material. So, an excursion was organized to the post of GAI. Before invited the children to think, who to watch, not to violate the laws of streets and roads. The answers were different :a policeman directing traffic, a police the police car, the signals spatafora etc.
When we approached the police post, began to observe the work of the inspector. Looked at how he's dressed. Children said : it is waterproof jacket, protective helmet ( "It's in case of rain, snow, any weather"); a striped sash and sleeves, in the hands of a striped rod. Explained the significance of the gestures of the traffic controller.
Watching children thinking, looking for answers to tutor questions. During the walks they had often seen the car of GAI. "This car-said the teacher-sees everything and hears everything around. To this end, it has various accessories: loudspeaker, paroissial. The team, which is in the car, and must obey all drivers and all pedestrians."
Children remember that in the traffic police help, the helicopters that monitor the traffic on the ring road, what roads there were TV cameras, through which the inspector sees the whole person and offenders.
After each tour were interviewed, which helps to consolidate children's knowledge and understanding. The questions posed gave the opportunity to identify whether children have learned what they saw. For example :
A lot of vehicles on the street?
- Where is the kindergarten?
- If it has traffic lights?
Where are they crossing the street with mom (dad) when they go to kindergarten and back home?
On the walk, tours, classes during interviews sounded riddles, poems about traffic lights, police - directing traffic Mikhalkov "If the light is red", "My street", "Three marvelous light." Example: during a conversation about a COP-the COP, the teacher used the riddle:
Look at what strongman :
On the move with one hand
A five-ton truck.
Children quickly memorized the poems and recited by playing a variety of action games.
Continued to educate children about the rules of the road and in the classroom to familiarize with the surrounding. For example, it was proposed to consider the painting "city Street" ,and then answer the questions:What is the transport going down the street? Where is the car traveling? Where you can walk for pedestrians? Etc. the Children correctly answered, the city has many cars and trucks, they carry people goods. In order to cross the street, we must remember about cilalis rules that must be followed by pedestrians when crossing the street.
The teacher summarized the statements of the children:a lot of cars passing through our street. There are machines that police discounts. They rush, not stopping at intersections. This is a special machine, which it is necessary to quickly arrive to the destination - ambulance,fire truck, emergency. In the layout group
PE the children to learn many of the cars that were seen on the street.
Particularly interesting are conversations with participation of employees of traffic police. One of them began with the film "Your friends" And then the senior Lieutenant talked to the children about the rules of behavior on the street, the traffic signals, was asked to make a short story picture, explain depicted on the postcard situation.
Here is one of children's stories:
"This painting of an emergency has created a bear, since animals do not know what you have to go through the transition there. where to draw a Zebra".
Traffic police built their conversations to train children in practical situations. For this purpose, the layout of the streets. We offer boys playing exercises : move the car and figures of pedestrians in accordance with the signal of a traffic light or gesture of the traffic controller. Or :find the layout named sign and explain its meaning, etc.
It is very important to teach children how to behave on the street. This issue particularly focus on using not only classes, but also different situations during games, walks and excursions.
While walking the teacher draws the children's attention on the behavior of pedestrians:no one will nabajit, not much waving hands and talking softly. Counter flows of peshehodov do not face, because everyone walks down the sidewalk, keeping to the right, cross the road, only in the place where there are lines or signs Transition. The teacher explains that compliance with the rules of behavior on the street – the value of education and culture of the pedestrian.
Since the rules of behavior better seascrest in the process of active activities of children, especially in the game, widely used in various attributes:colored vests, pictures of cars. In the group of large construction material, children build a street, remember, which houses shops in it, set the appropriate traffic signs. Do not forget about the "Islands of security".(Make them from strips of paper.)
First, under the guidance of the tutor, and later their own children organize fun and useful games, which have the roles of drivers, pedestrians and controllers. Everyone wants to have white gloves to serve signalingstate a police whistle, but the controller selects one of the children who did not receive any comments from the tutor.
On the site of the kindergarten in the warm season the boys ride on scooters, bicycles and cars, and in winter skiing and tobogganing. A real traffic light, learn the rules of the road.
Employees of GAI kindergarten has been presented the current layout of the machine :she worked the wheel, lit headlights and bulb-flashlight at the top of the cab. To conduct such a car is honorable, pass on it could be the only one who has not violated on this day the rules of the game "School pedestrians".
The knowledge gained by children in the process of the work done, secured and entertainment. Exciting passed the leisure "Red, yellow, green" :the competition of two preparatory groups, "Sun" and "rainbow, where I live",the children handed in their drawings of typical machine parts, buildings that seen on walks and excursions, road signs. From boxes and other stuff were making in their games. Painted guys and in my spare time, often in the second half of the day on a variety of topics: "light", "We are pedestrians", "I work in the traffic police," etc.
All these drawings were presented at the exhibition, designed to razvlecheniy "Red, yellow, green".
We understand that the work done in kindergarten in isolation from the family, does not give the desired results. Here is necessary close contact teachers and parents. That's why at the first parent meeting introduced dad and mom with the children's garden work to familiarize children with traffic regulations. The importance of the work said in his speech, and the employee of GAI.
To vasynyt, how can I help to parents in educating the children in proper behavior on the street, asked them to answer the following questions:
- Tell You children about the rules dorozhnogo movement?
- Compliance with these rules?
- What kind of assistance would receive from the teachers of the nursery on this issue?
The answers of parents showed that many do not know what to tell the children about the rules of the road, in what volume, what materials to use. This gave us the opportunity to plan topics, content folders-motions, which were updated during the year. In the preparatory groups appeared the screen: "Red, yellow, green", "Warning street!" , "Everyone should know", where was given the advice to familiarize preschoolers with the rules of pedestrians, recommended literature for reading to children.
Summing up the done work, it can be noted that children are well versed on streets adjacent to the kindergarten; when crossing a roadway attentive and careful; know the basic road signs ; know how to behave on the street, guided by the rules of the culture of behavior in public places. We believe that knowledge of the "road of honor"acquired in kindergarten, will help future students become more disciplined and independent.