Children's education in road traffic rules (SDA)
The city of Embankments beach is growing and good every year. There are many broad, beautiful streets, squares, pamphlets. A huge and endless flow of traffic on the streets of the city. About six thousand cars pass every hour. About 20,000 pedestrians pass through the same streets in an hour. Among them, of course, are the children. The kid's interested in the street and everything that's happening. And often obsessed with something new, unusual, gets on the street into life-threatening situations. This is why it is necessary to teach children in early childhood when they are early in school. It is all the more important to know the future of the student, since he has to travel from home to school and vice versa.
Our Nursery garden is located close to the noisy streets with intense traffic, so the need to teach children the rules of behaviour on the street is a matter of life.
Much has been done by the pedagogical community to create conditions for working with children: the choice of teaching materials and children's literature, illustrative material, road signs and much more. The green light Contest led us to more systematically systematize the work of children's road traffic rules by highlighting the following directions:
-Acquaint pre-school children with osnavnymi rules of traffic;
-Raising children's culture of behaviour in the street.
Together with the Senior educator Nursery, N. A. Timohovoj compiled a PRESPEKTIVNYJ plan to familiarize children with road traffic rules on the basis of the programme. Under the direction of the staff member, Gaia held a workshop for educators. Have thought about forms and methods of working with children, supplemented the necessary visuals — the "School of Svetafornyh Sciences" series, "children, remember these rules," "Traffic Safety posters," "Me and the Street" folder. The We purchased a variety of toy machines, produced mocks simulating the street surrounding our kindergarten, with all the road signs on it and the transitions. Updated attributes to role-playing games. The children of the school 15 as a gift to the kindergarten made the workshop and portable road signs, as well as silhouettes of houses, cars, people, and headforms. At the site, a special site was set up where the traffic lights, traffic signs, a police station, Mket stations, were established.
How do we begin to educate children about the preparatory groups? First of all, they clarified their knowledge gained in previous years. They found that the most children had an understanding of the basic rules of behaviour on the street, but that the playgrounds and the band were not respected in time. The guys didn't know what the translations were for and how to cross the road.
We were faced with the task of refining and supplementing children's knowledge of road traffic and the rules of behaviour on the street. To that end, they decided to use, in addition to classes, children on road Traffic, the rules of behaviour in street A were chosen to take targeted walks in addition to classes. Thus, during the year, a series of targeted walks on the highway was held. The kids were watching the traffic, driving the traffic light. Together with the educator, the guys remembered what it means to red, the yellow light, in which light the lights can cross the street, and so on.
During the target walk to the crossing, the pedestrians were seen moving. Specified: Crossing the street is permitted only in certain places, on pedestrian crossings. It was also noted that there were underground transitions (with children through such a transition) and land (back to the ground crossing). Remember that there is a "security island" in the middle of the street, where you can stop, inspect, and wait for the moving car traffic. stressed that no chauffeur had the right to visit the island of security. The knowledge gained from the walk perpetuate in class.
Conducted excursions with children in preparation for which the programme material was clearly selected. Thus, a tour of the Gaia Post was organized. Before her start, the children were invited to consider who would ensure that the laws of the streets and roads were not violated. The answers were different: A police officer-guard, a policeman on the Gaia Machine, Svetafora signals, etc.
When they reached the post of Gaia, they watched the inspector's work. Looked at how he was dressed. The children noted: it waterproof jacket, a protective helmet ("In case of rain, snow, any weather"); A striped belt and armvelope, in hand, is a striped rod. Explained the meaning of police gestures.
Watching, the children were pondering, looking for answers to the educator's questions. During walks, they often met the car Gaia. "This car," the teacher said, "Everything is all around." For this, she has a variety of devices: loudspeaker, Faroiskatel. "All drivers and pedestrians shall obey the crew in this car."
The children remember that helicopters are assisted in the work of the Gaia, which monitor traffic on the Ring motorway, that television cameras are installed on the roads, whereby Inspector Gaia sees the whole face and the intruders.
Each tour was followed by an interview to help consolidate the knowledge and perceptions acquired by the children. The questions raised were an opportunity to determine whether the children had learned the right thing. For example:
Is there a lot of traffic on the street?
-Where is the kindergarten?
Is there a traffic light on it?
Where are they crossing the street with their mother (dad) when they go to kindergarten and back home?
In the course of the walk, guided tours, classes, the mysteries, the lyrics about the stoplight, the system-regulator Mikhalkov "If the light was lit with red", "My Street", "three wonderful lights." For example, when talking about a police regulator, the educator used the puzzle:
Look at the strong one.
On the fly with one hand
Pjatitonnyj the truck.
The children quickly had quatrains and made, playing a variety of scene games.
Work has continued to familiarize children with the rules of the road and in awareness sessions. For example, they suggested that the picture should be "street City" and then answer questions: Which transport was on the street? Where are the cars coming? Where can I go to pedestrians? And so on, the children responded correctly: There are many cars and trucks in the city, and they're transporting people with goods. In order to cross the street, one has to remember the chisljalis rules that a pedestrian must respect when crossing the street.
The educator about the children's statement: A lot of cars are moving through our street. There are cars that cops skip without waiting. They racing without stopping at the crossroads. These are special machines that need to come quickly to the destination, the ambulance, the fire truck, the emergency room. In Group layout
PE kids recognized many of the cars that were seen on the street.
Interviews involving Gaia staff are particularly interesting. One of them started with watching "Your friends" and then the senior lieutenant interviewed the kids about the street rules, the traffic lights, suggested a little story about the picture, and an explanation of the situation on the card.
Here's one of the children's stories:
"In this picture, a bear has created an emergency, because the beasts don't know that we need to go to the crossing, there." "Where the zebra is painted."
Gaia employees built their conversations to practice children in practical situations. The street layout used to do that. Offer boys play exercises: Move cars and pedestrians in accordance with the traffic light signal or police gestures. Or: Find a named character on the layout and explain its meaning, and so on.
It's important to teach the children to behave properly on the street. This issue is given special attention, using not only classes but also different situations during the games, walks, excursions.
During the walks, the educator draws the children's attention to the behaviour of the pedestrians: no one is running without waving strong hands and talking loudly. The Peshhehodov encounters do not collide because each walks on the sidewalk on the right side, crosses the road, only where there are lines or transition pointers. The teacher explains that complying with the rules of conduct on the street is an indicator of the upbringing and culture of a pedestrian.
Because the rules of conduct are better vsegozakrepljajutsja in the active activity of children, and especially in the game, different attributes are widely used: colored vests, car pictures. In a group of large construction material, children build the street, remembering which houses, shops are located in it, and the appropriate road signs. We don't forget the islands of safety. (Make them out of the paper strip.)
First, under the guidance of the instructor and later the children themselves, they organize fun and useful games that have drivers, pedestrians and controllers. Everyone wants white gloves to signalynastojashhim police whistle, but a chooses one of the kids who hasn't received any comments from the educator today.
In the kindergarten portion of the warm time of the year, the guys are skating on the khat, bicycles and cars, and in the winter, skiing and sleigh. A real traffic light, to internalize traffic rules.
The Gaia workers gave the kindergarten a valid machine layout: It had a steering wheel, lights and light bulbs at the top of the cabin. It was an honor to drive such a machine-only the one who did not break the rules of the game "School of the pedestrian" on this day.
The knowledge acquired by children in the process of work has also been consolidated in entertainment. "Red, yellow, green" leisure time: Competitions of the two preparatory groups "Sunshine" and "Rainbow Where I Live", the children passed in their drawings the distinctive details of the cars, the buildings that were seen on the walk and the excursions, the road Characters. of the boxes and other material made in your games. They painted in their spare time, more often in the afternoon, on a variety of topics: "At the stoplight," "We are pedestrians," "I Work in Gaia," etc.
All of these drawings were presented at an exhibition that was designed to be red, yellow, green.
We understood that the work done in the kindergarten in isolation from the family did not yield the desired results. There is a need for close contact between teachers and parents. That's why, at the first parent meeting, I was introduced to Dad and mom with the child-rearing work on the road traffic rules. The need for such work was mentioned in his statement and by the staff member of Gaia.
To vyjasnit what help parents need to educate children in the street, they asked them to answer the following questions:
Are you telling children about the rules of the Dorogzhnogo movement?
Are the rules themselves in compliance?
-What assistance would be sought from teachers in the nursery garden on the subject?
The parents ' responses showed that many do not know what to tell children about traffic rules, how much material to use. This gave us the opportunity to plan the conversation topics, the contents of the rolling folders that were updated during the year. In the preparatory groups, "red, yellow, green", "attention-Street", "it should be known to everyone", which had given advice on pre-school education with pedestrian rules, recommended reading books for children.
Taking stock of the work done, it can be said that children are well targeted in the streets surrounding the kindergarten; When crossing the carriageway, pay attention and caution; Know the main road signs; are able to behave on the street in accordance with the rules of culture of conduct in public places. We are confident that the knowledge of the "road-literate" acquired in kindergarten will help future schoolchildren to become more disciplined and self-reliant.